3. Real and nominal rates of interest Zane Perelli currently has \$100 that he can spend today on polo shirts costing \$2.5 each. Alternatively, he

Zane Perelli currently has \$100 that he can spend today on polo shirts costing \$2.5 each. Alternatively, he could invest the \$100 in a risk-free U.S. Treasury security that is expected to earn a9% nominal rate of interest. The consensus forecast of leading economists is a 5% rate of inflation over the coming year.a.How many polo shirts can Zane purchase today?b.How much money will Zane have at the end of 1 year if he forgoes purchasing the polo shirts today?c.How much would you expect the polo shirts to cost at the end of 1 year in light of the expected inflation?d.Use your findings in parts b and c to determine how many polo shirts (fractions are OK) Zane can purchase at the end of 1 year. In percentage, how many more or fewer polo shirts can Zane buy at the end of 1 year?e.What is Zane’s real rate of return over the year? How is it related to the percentage change in Zane’s buying power found in part d? Explain.