ALWD citation form. Assume that the authority is being cited in citation sentences in a brief to the United States Supreme Court unless otherwise…

ALWD citation form. Assume that the authority is being cited in citation sentences in a brief to the United States Supreme Court unless otherwise noted. For pinpoint citations, use a hyphen for page spans and repeat all digits on both sides of the span.

1.     Lawrence A. Schmid, Plaintiff, versus Robert A. Frosch, Administrator of NASA, Defendant. This case was decided in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia on January 30, 1985. This case is reported in volume 609, page 490, of Federal Supplement and in volume 36, page 1687, of Fair Employment Practice Cases.

2.     On page 23 of your brief and in the same section of the discussion, you gave a full cite to the case in #1. On page 26 of your brief, you would like to refer to this case again, focusing your reader’s attention on information beginning on page 495 of the opinion and continuing on page 496. You have cited to other cases in the interim. The case name does not appear in the textual sentence.

3.     Section 26640 of the California Government Code, which you found in West’s Annotated California Code. The date on the copyright page is 2008 and no amendments appear in the pocket part or supplement.

4.     You wish to cite again to section 26640 of the California Government Code in the next paragraph of your brief. You have cited to two cases since your last reference to section 26640. This is the only statute in your brief, so you would prefer to keep your short form as short as possible.

5.     In a brief submitted to the Supreme Court of Virginia, you wish to cite to W.R. Grace & Company versus Maryland Casualty Company, et al. This case was decided in the Appeals Court of Massachusetts on September 30, 1992. It appears in volume 33, page 358, of Massachusetts Appeals Court Reports and in volume 600, page 176, of North Eastern Reporter, Second Series.

6.     Section 3129(a) of title 7 of the United States Code, published in the 2012 main volume.

7.     Section 8, clause 8 of Article I of the Constitution of the United States.

8.     One paragraph later, after citing to a federal statute, you wish to cite again to section 8, clause 8 of Article I of the Constitution of the United States.

9.     Ernest E. Jones, Terrence A. Larsen, and Herbert Lotman versus Raymond W. Smith and Peter S. Strawbridge. This case was decided by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania on January 6, 1999. It appears in volume 734, page 862, of Atlantic Reporter, Second Series. The citation follows a direct quotation of material found on page 865 of the opinion.

10.  Lawrence Eugene Shaw, Petitioner, versus United States of America. This is a December 12, 2016 case from the United States Supreme Court. The docket number for the case is 15-5991. Assume the case has not yet been published in any reporter, and you would like to cite the slip opinion from the United States Supreme Court’s website at https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/16pdf/15-5991_8m59.pdf. You wish to cite to page 2 of the slip opinion.

11.  In your brief, you cited to the case in #10 [Lawrence Eugene Shaw, Petitioner, versus United States of America. This is a December 12, 2016 case from the United States Supreme Court. The docket number for the case is 15-5991. Assume the case has not yet been published in any reporter, and you would like to cite the slip opinion from the United States Supreme Court’s website at https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/16pdf/15-5991_8m59.pdf. You wish to cite to page 2 of the slip opinion.in the previous paragraph.] Now you would like to cite to that case again, but this time you would like to direct your reader’s attention to information found on page 4 of the slip opinion. You have cited several other cases in the meantime.

12.  Federal Rule of Civil Procedure rule 20(a), dealing with permissive joinder of parties, published in the appendix to title 28 of the United States Code in the 2012 bound volume.

13.  Section 4701 of title 16 of the Delaware Code Annotated. You found this on Lexis’s Lexis Advance database. The database says that it is current “through 80 Del. Laws, ch. 43016 Del. C. § 4711”.

14.  In a brief submitted to the Supreme Court of Virginia, you wish to cite to the State of Georgia versus Ronnie Jack Beasley, Jr. This case was decided by the Supreme Court of Georgia on July 30, 1998. It is reported in volume 269, page 620 of Georgia Reports and in volume 502, page 235, of South Eastern Reporter, Second Series. Assume Virginia rules only require a cite to the regional reporter for cases decided out of state.

15.  In a brief to the Supreme Court of Georgia, you have previously cited to the case in #14, using a parallel citation form. You wish to cite to this case again on the next page of your brief after several intervening cites, focusing your reader on information contained on page 623 of the state reporter and 239 of the regional reporter. The case name is not mentioned in the textual sentence.

16.  Section 494.00312(1)-(4) of West’s Florida Statutes Annotated, which you accessed through the use of West’s Westlaw database. The database says that it is current “through the 2016 Second Regular Session of the Twenty-Fourth Legislature”.

17.  In the next sentence, you wish to cite to just subsection (3) of the Florida statute. You have not included any intervening citations.

18.  Oliver Brown, et al., versus The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. This case was decided by the United States Supreme Court on May 17, 1954. It appears in volume 347, page 483, of United States Reports; in volume 74, page 686, of Supreme Court Reporter; and in volume 98, page 873, of Lawyers’ Edition, Second Series.

19.  On page 68 of your brief, you cite to the case in #18. On page 72 of your brief and in the same section of the brief after citing to other authorities, you would like to refer to this case again, focusing your reader’s attention on information on page 485 of U.S., page 688 of S. Ct., and page 875 of L. Ed. 2d. You have been referring to this case throughout your brief as Brown. The case name is not mentioned in the textual sentence.

20.  The current Federal Rule of Evidence 801(d)(1) published in the appendix to title 28 of the United States Code in the 2014 Supplement II.

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