## Nora is reading a story in which the narrator takes part in the story. From which point of view is the story most likely written? A. third person limited B. first person C. third person omniscient

Nora is reading a story in which the narrator takes part in the story. From which point of view is the story most likely written? A. third person limited B. first person C. third person omniscient

## 90 CRITICAL THINKING Spring, 2018 Rutgers University 1.

21:730:107:90                                        CRITICAL THINKING

Spring, 2018                                             Rutgers University

1.     If x is causally necessary for y, then it is necessary that y is

___________________________________________________ for x.

2. Construct an evil twin for the following valid argument form:

P1:  If Not-F then (A provided C unless D)

P2:  Not-(A provided C unless D)

C:  Not-Not-F

3. Damning evidence must never be known by the arguer to whose argument it applies.

(i.) TRUE              (ii.) FALSE           (iii.) Spurious!     (iv) unknowable

4. 0 + 5 = -5 is  _____________________________   for getting divorced.

5. Given a proof by contradiction (PBC) whose support is .4 and whose original premises are false, the negation of the conclusion (i.) must be true   (ii.) cannot be true    (iii.) is perverse   (iv.) can’t be evaluated for truth.

6. If x is a node in a hierarchically organized tree structure, then it is ________________________________    for all nodes in the tree structure lower than it.

7. P1: 8% of all Rutgers/Newark students will get drunk this weekend. P2: Booze-Head is a Rutgers/Newark student. What can be inductively concluded about Booze-Head from these premises?

________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

8. (i.) Every    (ii.) Not every         (iii.) No              substitution instance of the following argument form is valid:

P1: Either not-not-q or (not-p and not-q)

P2: Not-(Not-p and not-q)

C: Not-q

9. When you infer “x is causally sufficient for y” from “x is sufficient for y” without additional information, you have committed the

_____________________________________________________________________.

10. (i.) Every    (ii.) Not every        (iii.) No              substitution instance of the following argument form is invalid:

P1: If p then not-q

P2: not-not-q

C: not-not-p

11. Attending accounting class and listening to Schubert’s music is

________________________________________________   for squaring the circle.

12. The reason why a PBC with support 0 is worthless is that

____________________________________ in which the augmented premise set is true,

but you do not know which one it is.

13. When we conjecture x causes y and perform an experiment to prove this is so, how do we rule out the case that y causes x AND x and y occur at the same time?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

14. If you encounter a substitution instance of Modus Tollens in which the second premise is clearly true, is it rational for you to believe the conclusion?

(i)  YES        (ii)  NO      (iii) MAYBE    (iv) Indeterminate

15. Suppose that you conduct a poll for a Presidential Election (in the United States) by going to various health care facilities to interview people both working there and who are there for medical treatments. Suppose you have a true random sample of all health care facilities in the United States. Is your poll subject to the fallacy of bias?

(i)  YES        (ii) NO

Answer the following question with at least three complete sentences. Be sure to use 2 specific examples from the lessons in your answer. Remember to use the RAP method. Restate, Answer and Prove with details.

(Rubric-10 points- 2 point At least three complete sentences, 2 point 2 specific examples, 2 point Restate the questions, 2 point Answer, 2 point Prove with detail.)

How did the Roman transportation system keep the empire strong?

## Premier Salons located in FL, is a publicly traded firm ( (SEC) filer) that currently manufactures barbershop and salon equipment, and hair products…

Premier Salons located in FL, is a publicly traded firm ( (SEC) filer) that currently manufactures barbershop and salon equipment, and hair products it sells throughout United States. Premier Salon’s fiscal year-end is December 31st.   The President of the Company is in the process of preparing the December 31, 2017, classified statement of financial position and income statement.

## FA CASE #2: Sable Inc. is a company based in San Francisco, CA, that manufactures and supplies earthmoving and construction equipment.

FA CASE #2:

Sable Inc. is a company based in San Francisco, CA, that manufactures and supplies earthmoving and construction equipment. Sable either sells the equipment to customers or leases it under terms specific to a customer’s needs. Buildit Inc. is a growing construction company in Los Angeles, CA, that specializes in building residential properties. Buildit recently entered into a contract with Sable to lease a bulldozer, which Buildit will use for a new project involving the construction of several condominiums in the Los Angeles area.

The pertinent terms of the lease are as follows:

• The lease term is for 10 years, while the economic life of the bulldozer is estimated to be 15 years. The useful life of the bulldozer is also estimated to be 15 years.

• Annual lease payments of \$16,000 are due at the end of each year. Buildit is also responsible for all maintenance, insurance, and taxes arising from the lease of the bulldozer.

• The residual value of the bulldozer is estimated to be \$24,000 at the end of the lease term. Sable does not have a residual value guarantee.

• The lease does not transfer ownership of the bulldozer to Buildit by the end of the lease term or provide an option for Buildit to purchase the equipment.

• The bulldozer costs Sable \$100,000 to manufacture and this model is currently listed for sale at \$135,000 should customers wish to purchase it outright.

Sable believes that the lease payments from Buildit will be collected when they are due. In addition, the equipment is fully constructed and no additional costs will be incurred to complete production of the bulldozer before lease commencement. As a result of a recent economic downturn that has directly impacted the construction industry, a number of companies in the industry have modified their sales or lease terms to maintain profitability. Some of Sable’s direct competitors have negotiated lower lease payments or reduced their selling prices in an effort to stimulate sales. For example, several bulldozers with the same specifications as the one leased to Buildit have recently sold for an average sales price of \$125,000, as opposed to Sable’s current list price of \$135,000. The rate implicit in the lease is 6.93 percent assuming the fair value of the bulldozer is \$125,000 at the beginning of the lease term and 5.45 percent assuming the fair value is \$135,000.

Required:

1. How should Sable classify the lease in its accounting records?

2. Provide the journal entries that Sable should record to:

a. Initially record the lease.

b. Account for the first lease payment made to Sable at the end of year 1.

This will be the “financial statement” implications at the end of the paper.

## The ___ is often the main source of conflict in a story. A. Flat Character B. Protagonist C. Round Character D. Anatagonist

The ___ is often the main source of conflict in a story. A. Flat Character B. Protagonist C. Round Character D. Anatagonist

## In June 2009, at the trough of the Great Recession, the Bureau of Labor Statistic’s announced that of all adult Americans, 140,196,000 were employed,…

In June 2009, at the trough of the Great Recession, the Bureau of Labor Statistic’s announced that of all adult Americans, 140,196,000 were employed, 14,729,000 were unemployed, and 80,729,000 were not in the labor force. Use this information to calculate: (show work)

b. the labor force

c. the labor-force participation rate

d. the unemployment rate

## An envelope from the post office is 3 inches wide with a total area of 30 square inches. What is the height of the envelope?

An envelope from the post office is 3 inches wide with a total area of 30 square inches. What is the height of the envelope?

## IN YOUR OWN WORDS, what is the Nature vs. Nurture debate? Specifically, what is meant by the term “Nature”, and what, specifically, is meant by the

IN YOUR OWN WORDS, what is the Nature vs. Nurture debate? Specifically, what is meant by the term “Nature”, and what, specifically, is meant by the term “Nurture”? How are our lives influenced by each? Many theorists believe that we are either influenced by Nature or Nurture…but not both. What is wrong with that perspective, if anything? Who (if anyone) is correct in this argument, and who (if anyone) is wrong? Is there even a “right” answer here? Why does this argument even continue? And finally, how, specifically, is this never-ending issue of Nature vs. Nurture related to the development of language?

## Suppose Melissa wants a high salary from her new job. In 4 sentences, describe how this incentive affects her decision between becoming a finacial analyst or a grant writer for a nonprofit organizatio

Suppose Melissa wants a high salary from her new job. In 4 sentences, describe how this incentive affects her decision between becoming a finacial analyst or a grant writer for a nonprofit organization