Introduction to Humanities

Introduction to Humanities

Before the writer proceeds with the paper, it is crucial to define the chief terms of importance. Culture refers to the values and patterns of thinking of a group of people within the society. In fact, culture distinguishes between different groups of people in the society such that, virtually all groups in the society have different values and patterns of thinking (Pitta, 2001)
On the other hand, humanities are the study of various groups of people in the society. However, humanities may cover more than one subject including sociology, history, and literature among others. In line with this, such subjects focus on one or more aspects of human beings and their behavior.
Forces that contributed to the Cultural Make up of Early Civilization
There were felt forces that indeed, contributed to the cultural make ups of early civilization. In the first place, geography determined whether a certain culture would be involved in various activities including agriculture, fishing, food gathering or even hunting. In line with this, the location of a certain community determined its core economic activity.
Secondly, the animals and plants in the various locations determined the diet of the community that would settle in such an area. In case a community settled in an area inhabited by animals, then automatically the people would use search animals as a source of food. On the other hand, if plants were present in an area, then this would make a significant proportion of the diet in such a group of people.
Thirdly, the natural environment affected the form of worship to the people. In line with this, various societies worshipped gods. The gods used for worship were mainly the objects in the environment. Some communities worshipped animals like cows while others using plants as their gods.
Further, the natural resources available influenced the shelter of people. In line with this, people who settled in rocky areas, used rocks to make houses. On the other hand, those people who settled close to plants like trees, would use them to make houses.
Social Issues that arose as a result of Cultural Make up
The invention of agriculture occurred in various parts of the world. Such inventions were as a result of increasing demands of food by the people. Since all people could not produce all that they needed, trade emerged which involved exchange of goods for other goods.
Consequently, different groups of people settled in similar places. As a result of interactions through trade, they intermarried with each other hence increasing the population all over the world.
Main Cultural Influences on Early Civilizations
As highlighted above, different groups of people settled in different places and were much dependent on their immediate environment. As a result of this, various issues arose including various discoveries that would later assist them to meet their basic needs. Such inventions were the invention of fire, so as to assist them in cooking food and use of spoken language to aid effective communication. Other cultural influences were increased literacy levels among the different groups of people as well as creativity through art.

The Pros and Cons of revisionist History
The main advantage of revisionist history is that it awakened interests in subjects that historians had previously ignored. In addition, it expanded the understanding of human’s past.
However, history entails the study of people’s origin but most people are only interested in understanding their origins as well as their problems. However, unlike other subjects, history cannot solve the problems that individuals face.

Pitta, D. (2001). Ethicals Beliefs . Journal of Ethics , 1-2.


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