Maria is a 46-year-old woman who presents for her yearly physical examination. Her medical history is notable for borderline hypertension and moderate obesity. Six months ago her fasting lipid profile was normal. Maria report that her mother and brother have diabetes and hypertension. She reports that she knows she should be on a low calorie, low fat diet and exercising but with her full time job and four children, she finds it difficult to exercise, and she eats out most of the time. She is 66″ tall and weighs 219lbs today, no current medication. She does report taking a multivitamin, biotin Vit-C when she remembers. She is a nonsmoker, only drinks sweet tea with each meal, 3-4 cups of coffee per day.
Today: BP 155/95mm Hg, TC 234 mg/dL, LDL 137 mg/dL, HDL 35 mg/dL, triglycerides 241mg/dL, fasting plasma glucose is 179 mg/dL; HgbA1C is 7.4mg/dL. Physical Exam reveals notable for acanthosis nigricans at the neck but otherwise is normal.
- What are your treatment goals for Maria?
- What is your plan for drug therapy? What is the mechanism of action for each drug?
- Please give five teaching points for each drug prescribed.