Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes sports in the 1920s?.
Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes sports in the 1920s? Shrinking tax revenues caused a slowdown in the construction of urban recreational facilities. The only real way to keep up with a favorite sports team was to attend the game in person. As the workweek shrank and paid vacations increased, Americans had more time to spend on recreation. The performance of African American athletes on integrated professional sports teams helped lessen racial tensions. Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following is an example of the racial inclusiveness of President George W. Bush? Black speakers and entertainers featured prominently at Republican party celebrations. Bush placed General Colin Powell, an African American, in his cabinet as secretary of state. Bush placed a black woman, Condoleezza Rice, as secretary of state to replace Powell. All of the above Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the circumstances leading up to armed confrontation with Iraq? The chain of events began with the Iraqi bombing of Saudi Arabia in the summer of 1990, followed by the invasion of Kuwait in the fall. The UN General Assembly requested that the United States send American troops to the Persian Gulf to oppose Iraqi actions. The U.S. Senate voted overwhelmingly to approve the use of American forces against Iraq. In November 1990 the UN Security Council voted to authorize the use of force if Iraq did not withdraw from Kuwait by January 15, 1991. Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) investigated Joseph McCarthy and other extreme anti-Communists’ abuses of power. was known for its careful investigations of alleged subversive activities, unlike McCarthy and his Senate committee. targeted the film industry. confined itself to investigating anti-American propaganda and sentiment abroad. Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)A crisis developed in American-Iranian relations in 1979 because of a Communist revolution in Iran. President Carter’s strong criticism of human rights violations by the Iranian secret police. American support for the deposed shah of Iran. Iranian terrorist activity in the United States. Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which one of the following was not called for by the New Right, which emerged as a major force in American politics by 1980? Increasing overall federal spending Banning abortion Permitting school prayer Mandating the death penalty for certain crimes Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Southern states adopted the primary election at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century in an effort to eliminate boss rule. head off progressive demands for other reforms, including initiative and recall. ensure that the two-party system remained viable in the region. drive blacks out of politics. Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)The most contentious issue between the United Nations, the United States, and Iraq between 1991 and 2003 was political corruption in the Saddam Hussein regime. the existence of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). economic malfeasance by Saddam Hussein. the status of U.S. prisoners of war. Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)When the United States joined Canada and Western Europe to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949, it was the first peacetime military alliance the nation had entered into since the American Revolution. asked for a token force of U.S. troops in Europe. permanently excluded the Federal Republic of Germany. imposed a blockade on Berlin. Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Democratic party’s campaign response to the Iraq War during the 2004 presidential election? The party completely criticized U.S. participation in the war. The party completely supported U.S. participation in the war. The party was split over supporting U.S. participation in the war. The party called for immediate pullout of U.S. troops. Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes U.S. politics during World War II? Congress narrowed Roosevelt’s call in 1944 for a second bill of rights program to include only veterans. The Republicans lost congressional seats and governorships in the 1942 elections. Voter turnout was at an all-time high for the nonpresidential elections of 1942. Southern Democrats pressured Roosevelt to run again in 1944. Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes America’s position in the European peace movement after the 1899 Hague Peace Conference? Presidents Roosevelt and Taft negotiated arbitration treaties to submit disputes to the Hague Court, but the Senate refused to ratify any treaty that compromised American sovereignty. President Wilson favored the peace movement, but his secretary of state, William Jennings Bryan, did not. Being of warlike temperament himself, Theodore Roosevelt ridiculed the peace movement as being naive. The United States refused to get involved. Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)On the eve of the presidential election of 1972, Nixon stepped up the bombing of North Vietnam. Nixon flew to the Paris peace negotiations and announced that “peace is at hand.” Henry Kissinger made enough concessions to the North Vietnamese to be able to announce that “peace is at hand.” Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern announced that he had a “secret plan” to obtain “peace with honor” in Southeast Asia. Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)At the Washington Naval Arms Conference in 1921, the world’s leading naval powers agreed on a ratio of battleship strength that favored Great Britain and France. placed limits on naval expansion to encourage stability in the Far East. agreed to halt the construction of battleships indefinitely. marked out restricted zones in the Pacific Ocean from which Atlantic-based ships were banned. Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)President McKinley and the Republicans jumped at the chance to hold the Philippine Islands because they saw them as the key to American influence in the Asian market. the victory would soothe an American public angered by an unpopular war. the move would quiet Democratic opponents who had criticized the war effort as being unproductive. control of the Philippines would guarantee the territorial integrity of China. Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)All of the following were policies of the Reagan administration except deregulation of business. cuts in the funding of human services. cuts in defense spending. reducing federal regulation of consumer protection. Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)In response to the trend toward mergers of businesses into large trusts, Theodore Roosevelt relied on Wall Street to regulate itself. cheered the mergers as proof of American efficiency. worried that the trusts were becoming too powerful and stifled competition. publicly attacked trusts, but privately worked to weaken the Sherman Antitrust Act. Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements does not accurately characterize African American writers and artists of the Harlem Renaissance? Many of them depended on white patronage, which evaporated when the stock market crashed. Many did not appeal to the black masses. They would inspire black writers of the 1960s. They were almost exclusively poets, believing that poetry was the “most pure” expression of African American culture. Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)As secretary of commerce under Warren Harding, Herbert Hoover led a renewed campaign of trust-busting to restore competition in the business world. sought to minimize government intervention in business. distrusted economic statistics generated by his department and preferred those provided by private organizations. supported expansion of the federal government through voluntary cooperation with business in the public interest. Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)The “City Beautiful” movement is associated most directly with attempts to clean up the “veritable mud rivers” that spring rains regularly produced in late-nineteenth-century New York City. attempts to clean up “the pall of smoke which constantly overhangs” Pittsburgh. Frederick Law Olmsted’s projects for the Chicago Columbian Exposition of 1893. efforts by the park commissioners of Kansas City in 1893 to preserve green space before urban growth engulfed the city. Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)The urban revivalism preached by Dwight L. Moody and others represented a fundamentalist attack on the doctrinal liberalism and complacency of mainstream Protestantism. liberal challenge to fundamentalism. strong example of communal social uplift. Catholic challenge to Protestantism. Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the EU (European Union)? The EU embraces twenty-five countries and 450 million people worldwide. The EU accounts for a fifth of all global imports and exports. The currency of the EU is the euro. All of the above Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)A severe recession occurred in 1937–1938 when Roosevelt, Congress, and the Federal Reserve cut spending and attempted to balance the budget. embraced deficit spending. increased funds for the WPA. made it easier for Americans to borrow money. Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Multinational corporations often outsource jobs to regions where labor costs are lower. lead the fight to control the “greenhouse” effect. promote the growth of labor unions in developing countries. strongly supported the Kyoto accords in 1997. Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)The riots that erupted in Los Angeles in April 1992 took sixty lives and caused $850 million in property damage. were minor disturbances compared to the “long hot summers” of the 1960s. were set off by the state’s decision to put former athlete O. J. Simpson on trial for the murders of his wife and her friend. exclusively pitted blacks against whites and Asian immigrants, mainly Koreans. Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following was not done by the NRA to combat the Great Depression? Fix prices Establish maximum production quotas Ban union organizing Suspend antitrust laws Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following does not correctly describe the building of the first transcontinental railroad? Two companies—the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific—won the contracts to build the railroad. The federal government subsidized the project with generous land grants and millions of dollars in public loans to the railroad companies. One company built east from California and one company built west from Nebraska until they met at Promontory, Utah. The company that built east from California advanced more rapidly than its competitor that built west. Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)The root of the “military-industrial complex,” according to President Eisenhower, is the partnership between business and government. business and education. government and education. government and government. Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Reagan administration’s policy toward Nicaragua? It supported Nicaragua’s right-wing government against leftist rebels. Its top priority in Central America was to topple Nicaragua’s leftist government. In 1984, it persuaded Congress to pass the Boland Amendment, which provided aid for the Contra rebels fighting against Nicaragua’s leftist regime. It sent thousands of U.S. troops into the country to prop up the Sandinista government. Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the innovations in housing construction pioneered by William Levitt after World War II? His company could build 150 homes per week by applying mass-production techniques to home construction. In 1947, his basic four-room house was priced at about $25,000. The first Levittown was built in the Los Angeles area. From the beginning in 1947, his company was willing to sell homes directly to blacks. Question 31 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)George Bush paid a heavy political price when in 1991 he agreed to increased defense spending. the Gramm-Rudman Act, mandating automatic spending cuts if budget targets were not met. a combination of spending cuts and the largest tax increase in history. cutbacks in automatic entitlements. Question 32 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Vice President Spiro Agnew was forced out of office because he was centrally involved in the Watergate cover-up. indicted for accepting kickbacks on construction contracts while governor of Maryland. arrested on a morals charge in Baltimore. generally recognized by Republicans and Democrats alike as being unsuited for the presidency should President Nixon be removed from office as a result of Watergate. Question 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)How did Samuel Gompers and the American Federation of Labor’s goals differ from those of the Knights of Labor? Gompers was deeply influenced by Marxist ideas of class struggle. Gompers believed that workers should be organized as producers rather than by craft or occupation. Gompers believed that workers should focus on concrete, achievable gains and possess power sufficient to back up their cause. Gompers believed that an eight-hour day was an unattainable goal. Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the experience of women who settled the Great Plains after the Civil War? They spent longer years in childrearing than women in the East because many children were needed to work the new farmland. Women were barred from filing claims under the Homestead Act. Women’s prospects for marriage declined. Traditional gender roles were more fluid, as many women joined their husbands in the fields and some homesteaded alone. Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)In the 1880s, Pan-Americanism was the demand made by influential American expansionists that the United States resume its pre–Civil War “manifest destiny” by annexing more territory and taking colonies in Latin America. the notion of a community of American states. Secretary of State James G. Blaine’s restatement of the Monroe Doctrine, warning Great Britain and Germany not to attempt to take more colonies in the Western Hemisphere. the Latin American states’ efforts to form a common front against an expansionist United States. Question 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)By 2006, it was clear that Iraq had entered into a period of civil war. nonviolence. economic security. political stability. Question 37 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Working through the World Trade Organization, the promoters of freer global trade achieved which of the following goals in the 1990s? Reduction in tariff rates Removal of many restrictions to the free international movement of capital investments Protection of intellectual property rights All of the above Question 38 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes American support for the Allies and America’s preparation for war in 1939–1940? Roosevelt vetoed a bill to send fifty American destroyers to Britain in exchange for the right to build military bases on British territory in the Atlantic. Roosevelt removed Henry Stimson and Frank Knox from cabinet posts because they did not support his preparations for war. Congress initiated America’s first peacetime draft registration program. Roosevelt vetoed a bill to increase defense spending because he considered it too provocative toward Germany. Question 39 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Under the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, the United States would intervene in the internal affairs of a Caribbean nation only on invitation from the government in power. intervene against any rebel force in a Caribbean nation. act unilaterally to regulate the affairs of any Caribbean nation. look to Mexico, the most powerful Latin American nation, to police the Caribbean countries. Question 40 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Led by Treasury Secretary Andrew Mellon, the Harding administration persuaded Congress to follow an economic policy of keeping federal taxes fairly high to keep the economic boom from turning into a dangerous inflation. reducing tariffs to encourage postwar trade expansion, open new markets for American exports, and enable European nations to repay their war debts from the profits of increasing exports to the United States. reducing federal taxes on corporate and personal income, freeing up money for private investment. lowering taxes somewhat, but keeping the steeply graduated features of wartime income taxes. Question 41 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Governor Alfred E. Smith, the Democratic presidential candidate in 1928, had a speaking voice ideally suited to the new medium of radio. was the first major-party presidential candidate to reflect the aspirations of the urban working class. was of Irish-immigrant background and a product of Chicago’s political machine. lost the election because he failed to carry the heavily industrialized states. Question 42 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Under the Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact of 1928, the United States agreed to become an associate member of the League of Nations. joined with many other nations in renouncing war as an instrument of national policy. promised to reduce its tariffs if European debtor nations increased their rate of war-debt repayment. promised to come to the aid of any European country attacked by the Soviet Union. Question 43 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Despite polls showing strong support for many feminist goals, feminism was jeopardized by a campaign against the feminist agenda launched by conservative social groups. the New Left’s unwillingness to advance feminist goals. the public’s attention on foreign affairs. the end of the National Organization for Women. Question 44 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes Samuel Gompers’s and the American Federation of Labor’s response to the rise of progressivism? They hardened their pro-voluntarism stance and worked tirelessly to defeat progressive candidates at the ballot. They joined the battle for progressive legislation and increasingly became its strongest advocate, especially regarding the issue of workers’ compensation. They thoroughly distrusted progressive middle-class do-gooders and insisted that workers could win through their own bargaining. They refused to buy newspapers and magazines known for publishing muckraking articles. Question 45 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)Supply-side economics as practiced by the Reagan administration rested on the theory that balancing the federal budget was the highest priority. tax cuts would promote investment. the government should stimulate the national economy by increasing the level of federal spending. the government should supply more money to the economy by lowering interest rates and putting more dollars into circulation. Question 46In your own words answer 1 of the following short answer questions. Be sure to include as much detail in your answer as possible. The short essay answer in a quiz needs to be at least three paragraphs long. Each paragraph needs to be a minimum of three to five (3-5) complete sentences. 1. Why did President Johnson suffer a “credibility gap” over Vietnam? 2.What were the critical events of 1968 that have led historians to describe it as a “watershed year”? Question 47 In your own words answer 1 of the following short answer questions. Be sure to include as much detail in your answer as possible. The short essay answer in a quiz needs to be at least three paragraphs long. Each paragraph needs to be a minimum of three to five (3-5) complete sentences. 1. What do we mean when we say that Nixon was a “realist” in foreign affairs? 2. What factors led to the end of the Cold War? Question 48 (Essay Worth 10 points)In your own words answer 1 of the following short answer questions. Be sure to include as much detail in your answer as possible. The short essay answer in a quiz needs to be at least three paragraphs long. Each paragraph needs to be a minimum of three to five (3-5) complete sentences. 1. What were the key elements of Reagan’s domestic policy? 2. What were the sources of the American economic recovery of the 1980s and 1990s? Who benefited from it and who did not, and why was that the case? Question 49 (Essay Worth 10 points)In your own words answer 1 of the following short answer questions. Be sure to include as much detail in your answer as possible. The short essay answer in a quiz needs to be at least three paragraphs long. Each paragraph needs to be a minimum of three to five (3-5) complete sentences. 1. Explain how, having lost the popular vote in 2000, Bush nevertheless became president. 2. Why did the war in Iraq not go according to plan?