sub-Saharan Africa since 1870

The term sub-Saharan Africa has been used in referring to a region on the African continent covering all countries south of the Sahara. With an analysis of the region’s history, it can be seen that subtle non-military factors played a great role in the conquest than firepower.

Early explorers and Christian missionaries had really opened up the continent to European imperialists before the conquests. Notable among them being Richard Burton, David Livingstone, Ludwig Krapf and Karl peters.

Technological advancement was important in facilitating overseas expansion and providing of commercial goods for trade with Sub-Saharan Africa. Most of these such as gunpowder, spices, clothes and tools appealed to the native leaders of the regional kingdoms who later put their trust in their trading partners. Most of these trades began between the years of 1890 to 1910. Advance in medicine lead to development of quinine, an effective treatment of Malaria disease which had made the vast expanses of African tropics inaccessible to Europeans. Industrialization on the other hand lead to rapid advancements in the critical sectors of transportation producing railways and steam navigation communication and telegraphs.

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