The Effects of Behavioral/Cognitive-Behavioral

The Effects of Behavioral/Cognitive-Behavioral

The CDATE project coded studies of treatment/intervention programs in prison, jail,

probation, or parole settings reported from 1968 through 1996. Meta-analyses were conducted

on the 69 primary research studies on the effectiveness of behavioral and

cognitive-behavioral treatment in reducing recidivism for offenders. Results on this heterogeneous

collection of studies show that this treatment is associated with reduced

recidivism rates. However, this effect is mainly due to cognitive-behavioral interventions

rather than to standard behavior modification approaches. The specific types of programs

shown to be effective include cognitive-behavioral social skills development programs

and cognitive skills (Reasoning and Rehabilitation) programs.

In 1994 the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funded the Correctional

Drug Abuse Treatment Effectiveness (CDATE) project for 4 years

to develop a database and conduct meta-analyses on correctional treatment

evaluation studies completed between January 1, 1968 and December 31,

1996. Researchers have, over the past 20 years, begun to use meta-analysis to

assess the research literature on corrections-based treatment programs.

Glass, McGaw, and Smith (1981, p. 21) distinguish primary analysis (the

original research study’s statistical analysis of data), secondary analysis (a

subsequent study’s reanalysis of the data from the original study, usually with

better statistical techniques or to ask new questions of the original data),

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