Explain the avocado idea that reason is the essence of human nature
Explain a version of the avocado idea of the self (Descartes, Greek rationalism, St. Augustine, etc.)
Explain the artichoke idea that the self is created by experience, action, etc. and changes over time
Explain phenomenology and existentialism
Discuss how the two approaches differ
Avocado Self and Art as Representation (25 points)Discuss a character/narrator/subject in a work of art (novel, poem, film, graphic novel, short story, television show, song, painting, etc.) who you think captures the avocado/modern idea that we have an essential, shared human nature and that the self and the world are distinct entities.
Explain the idea that representational art is based upon the idea that the subject/mind and the object/world/body are distinct.
Artichoke Self and Art as Transformation (25 points)
Discuss a character/narrator/subject in a work of art (novel, poem, film, graphic novel, short story, television show, song, painting, etc.) who you think captures the artichoke/post-modern idea of the self.
Discuss the idea that the self and the world are organic unities and that artistic creation expresses this unity of subject and object (Schelling).
Discuss the relationship between art and philosophy by addressing the following (25 points):
Descartes/modern philosophy/natural standpoint
Keats, Schelling, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, and/or Heidegger on art as the ultimate expression of truth and the rejection of the natural standpoint
Discuss the impact of form and culture on the power of art