Topic: Coding ,Emergent’ Themes & Thematic Mapping

I will sent you the 5 newspaper articles on the London Riots of 2011 to support. so you could start coding them.
-should treat the five articles as one text – i.e., you are to produce one thematic map that covers all the articles.

The next step is to generate some ’emergent’ themes
ou’re producing one map to cover all the articles; generate ’emergent’ themes from your codes from all the articles together.

Then you need to start the process of producing a Thematic Map.

You might find these reminders (taken from one of last week’s handout) helpful as you generate your map.
How do the emergent themes ‘fit together’?

Think about: levels of themes
Are some themes ‘more important’? = ‘main’ overarching themes?
Are some themes ‘less important’ = ‘sub-themes’ related to the main themes?
Remember: your first – initial – thematic map will be messy.
It is not your final map.
Refine your initial thematic map

Remember: you are aiming for themes that are internally homogeneous (cluster together similar codes) and externally heterogeneous (different from other themes).

Return to the codes and read through the transcript
Check whether your thematic map describes the data.
Remember: analysis is recursive, not linear
You may even recode some of the data at this point
Discard any redundant themes;
Combine overlapping themes;
Reduce the number of main themes
(as a rule of thumb, aim for 2-5 main themes, each of which may have a number of subthemes.)
Define and refine your themes

Describe in a sentence the ‘essence’ of what each theme is about.
Check coded data against this description to make sure it is grounded in the data set.
Your final thematic map will be the most parsimonious representation of the underlying patterns in your data se

Your submission must include the following three sections/components:

a) a visual map of your final themes (and any subthemes) showing the relationships between them;

b) a list of your themes (and subthemes) which provides a sentence describing each theme and each sub-theme, together with at at least one extract (quote) from the data to illustrate each theme and each sub-theme;

c) a list of your codes.

I’ll now say a little about each of these components.

a) visual map

You must show all themes & sub-themes within the same map – i.e., fit it all onto a single page.
I don’t care what you use to produce this map. You can use software (e.g., the drawing tools in Word), or you can trace it the sand (and photograph it). All that matters is that it is clear and readable and fits on one page of your submission.
Remember you’re producing a single map to cover all the articles.
b) list of themes (and sub-themes), with explanatory sentences and extracts.

The themes and sub-themes included here should obviously match those included in your visual map.
In your visual map you’ve given each theme (and sub-theme) a label that describes what you think it’s about. What I’m asking for here is a sentence that more fully explains what each theme (or sub-theme) is about. A short label is often ambiguous or somewhat vague, and so you need to provide a sentence for each theme (and sub-theme) that clearly and fully states what it means.
For each theme (and sub-theme) you need to select and include an extract from the original articles that exemplifies or illustrates that particular theme (or sub-theme).
For each extract identify the article it came from and its line number(s).
c) list of codes

This is simply a complete list of all your codes for all the articles. You should have this already.
This is a list of codes, NOT ’emergent’ themes.
These should be your FINAL codes – i.e., you might have refined your initial codes as you went through the mapping process.
Produce a single list of codes that covers all the articles – i.e., don’t divide the list up by article, and do remove any duplicates.
Finally, there is no ‘correct’ number of themes for your map, nor any ‘correct’ number of sub-themes for a theme. However, as a rough guide, most of you will probably have between two and five themes (and also between two and five sub-themes for each theme). If you have more than that then you haven’t done it ‘wrong’, but just check whether you can combine any themes/sub-themes.

Remember, combine all components into a single file.

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