Write 10 page essay on the topic Importance of Individual difference in understanding behaviour at work.Download file to see previous pages… There are different models of intelligence which include

Write 10 page essay on the topic Importance of Individual difference in understanding behaviour at work.

Download file to see previous pages…

There are different models of intelligence which include the Vernon model which covers verbal and mechanical intelligence (Nairne 2010). The cattel model of intelligence covers the crystallized intelligence while the hierarchical model of intelligence covers numerous intelligent abilities like learning and memory intelligence, fluid intelligence, achievement, visual perception, crystallized intelligence and perceptual speed (Woods and West 2010). The individual personality is the pattern of thought, emotions and behaviors which are expressed a person. There are numerous theories which explain individual personality including the behavioral theories, psychoanalytic theories, social learning theories, trait theories and cognitive theories (McKenna 2000). This paper will discuss theories of psychology and the importance of individual differences in understanding behavior at work. The paper will also discuss how factors like personality, emotion and abilities influences the work experiences such as interpersonal relations, stress, work attitudes and organizational processes. The paper will address ways of improving work processes in organizations. The big five model of personality considers five factors which are the agreeableness, extraversion, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness which is also the intellect of the person (Woods and West 2010). The big five model explains the individual differences at work and the differences in their personality. The personality, cognitive capabilities and emotions at work will affect the level of job satisfaction and job performance since these factors influence the individual motivation in the work place. Work habits such as motivation and team work will also impact on the job performance (Nairne 2010). The job appraisal techniques, the team characteristics, organizational policies and occupational interests of the worker will also determine the level of job satisfaction and amount of commitment which the worker may be willing to devote in his duties (Woods and West 2010). Personality and intelligence theories are useful in understanding the differences in employee behavior in the workplace. They help in identifying the human qualities of the employee like the motivation, leadership styles and empathy (Nairne 2010). They help the management in appreciating the different strengths and weaknesses of employees in the organization. Personality and intelligent theories are also useful in many human resource functions like recruitment, selection and training of the employees (Woods and West 2010). Personality helps in the development of self-awareness and which is critical in enhancing good working relationships within groups in the organization. Personality theories help the management to assess the level of employee motivation and job satisfaction in the workplace (McKenna 2000). Personality theories are also crucial in allocation of tasks within the organization since some employees value team work while others prefer working independently (Woods and West 2010). Personality and intelligence theories are critical in assessing the effectiveness of the leadership styles in the organization since employees prefer various leadership styles from the supervisors (McKenna 2000).

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