Write 7 page essay on the topic Personality Development in Late Adulthood and Succesful Aging Theories.Download file to see previous pages… Different people develop different personalities. Some per

Write 7 page essay on the topic Personality Development in Late Adulthood and Succesful Aging Theories.

Download file to see previous pages…

Different people develop different personalities. Some personalities have been found to affect individual aging. Studies done on personalities have aided in the formulation of theories to successful aging. Over time, psychologists have come to accept that old age goes hand in hand with a decline in learning ability, intelligence and memory. It is also common for aging adults to alienate themselves from society. This could be due to the neglect they experience from other people who are close to them. There are many negative experiences that occur during this period of the aging process that would influence personality change. There are also positive changes that influence an individual’s personality change. Generally, the number of old people in the world has been increasing over the years and gerontologists have intensified their study on this particular group. Hypothesis The main hypothesis in the present research is that as old age sets in, individuals start developing new personalities depending on their immediate surroundings and their emotional states. Recently, a group of scientists conducted a study working under the hypothesis that personality changes are influenced by self-insight, social learning processes, social roles, life events, and social environments (Allemand, Zimprich, &amp. Hertzog, 2007). These scientists believed that certain psychological and other factors in an individual’s life decrease the prevalence for facing a lowering in intelligence and other age associated limitations (Alea, Diehl &amp. Bluck, 2004). Within the study “Cross-Sectional Age Differences and Longitudinal Age Changes of Personality in Middle Adulthood and Old Age,” several research works have been highlighted with researchers working under the hypothesis that late adulthood personality changes are influenced by a combination of the individual’s ability and tendency for self-insight (watching oneself) and social learning such as the ability to watch and learn from others. Many researchers also now believe that successful aging is determined by the immediate social factors surrounding an individual. An individual’s relationships in the society determines personality (Ferri, James, &amp. Pruchno, 2009). Psychology theorists have identified five different aspects in which personality might change across the lifespan. These are known as structural, absolute, differential, ipsative, and coherence. The Allemand et al study only focuses on structural, absolute, and differential continuity. Structural continuity is “the degree of continuity in the interrelations among a set of variables over time” (325). In other words, this measurement looks at how much the personality structure remains constant as the person ages and suggests that personality structure doesn’t really change through the life span. Absolute continuity measures how much a certain trait remains constant within a given age group or time period. It is this measurement that has led researchers to believe that “people become more agreeable, more conscientious, and less neurotic through midlife and into old age” (327) and strongly suggest that personality traits continue to change through adulthood. Differential continuity looks at the relative rank-order of personality traits over time and suggests a high level of individual personality change over time.

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